I’m going up the country, baby do you wanna go?
So you’re a blues harp player and¬†you’ve been asked to cover a country tune.¬†Or¬†perhaps¬†the blues got you started on the harp, but now you want to try something¬†different. Either way, where do you begin? You could¬†try kicking off your shoes,¬†rolling up your britches, wearing a big old¬†cowpoke¬†hat and wedging a tooth pick in your teeth. Not.
The answer is to start by mapping out the essential notes. We can look at technique and learn licks in future posts. But as a blues¬†player, or any kind of player, the place to start is with the Country Scale. Let’s go..
I’m going to some place where I’ve never been before
Although aspects of both styles are rooted in European folk music,¬†Country Harp is¬†the product of¬†a different musical journey to the Blues.¬†It draws¬†less on the¬†Black American narrative and more on the musical traditions fostered by early White settlers. Consequently, it is sometimes redolent of¬†folk music¬†from Ireland, the British Isles, Scandinavia and North West Europe.
Over time, the two¬†disciplines have of course drawn from¬†each other. Country and Piedmont Blues¬†are¬†recognised musical categories.¬†There’s¬†Zydeco, Western Swing and New Country – all of which¬†share a strong blues infusion. You will find Cajun harp players and even Bluegrass¬†embraces the humble diatonic lickin’ stick. Mike Stevens has been at it for¬†years.
I’m going, I’m going where the water tastes like wine
Special country tunings do exist¬†and¬†some players alter¬†standard reed tunings to make things more comfortable. For now though, we’re using a regular Richter tuned 10 hole diatonic harmonica. We’re¬†going to¬†assemble¬†the¬†ingredients that give Country Music it’s¬†classic flavour.¬†We’re in cross harp (second position) on an¬†A harmonica – key of E major.
First work at the¬†lower and upper octave scales independently. Play them up and down and¬†build fluency. Then run them together and mess around with them. Find¬†your own sequences. You’ll quickly identify the principal safe notes and those with a country character. The full bend 3D” to 3D, and reverse, will¬†become pivotal in the¬†lower octave.¬†
Lower¬†Octave Country Scale
2D¬†¬† 3D”¬†¬† 3D¬†¬† 4D¬†¬† 5B¬†¬† 6B
Upper Octave Country Scale
6B¬†¬† 6D¬†¬† 7D¬†¬† 8D¬†¬† 8B¬†¬†¬†9B¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†
Looped Country Scale
For musical correctitude, here are the remaining safe notes that loop off the top end of the harp and onto the bottom end.
9B¬†¬† 10D¬†¬† 10B’¬†¬† 1D¬†¬† 2B¬†¬† 2D
Now, using the mid octave, let’s start to throw things around a bit and see what comes out..
1D..2B¬†¬† 2D¬†¬† 2D¬†¬† 2D..2D
3D”..3D¬†¬†¬†4D..4D¬†¬† 3D..4D¬†¬† 5B
6B..5B¬†¬† 6B..5D¬†¬† 4D
3D..3D”¬†¬† 2D¬†¬† 2D
We can jump in the water, stay drunk all the time
If you want¬†the Good Doctor’s recommendation on a reliable reference book for¬†Country Harping, then look no further than Charlie McCoy’s All-American Harp Solos (ISBN 0-7119-6680-x).
Word has it the book is currently out of print, but if you¬†search long enough you¬†can¬†still find¬†copies. Be forewarned,¬†it¬†includes¬†a healthy dollop of schmaltz. But the good bits are very good.¬†
Charlie paints¬†from an eclectic¬†palate; collectively his tunes provide a¬†solid foundation¬†of, and a great introduction to, country harp patterns.