Au Clair De La Douzième Position (Shedding Light On 12th Position)

365 Tunes For The Four Hole Harmonica Au Clair de la Lune, mon ami Pierrot

Today Otis the Harp Surgery’s postman dropped off a delivery from those lovely people at Amazon; Pat Missin’s handsome new manual, The Ultimate Miniature Harmonica Tunebook. And as he trudged round the duck pond, amidst the late snow and expectant quacks, Otis was whistling a familiar French folk tune.

Listen to

‘Pour l’amour de Dieu’, the Good Doctor sympathised as he gingerly opened the Surgery’s front door, ‘come inside and warm yourself before you freeze your assets’. ‘Don’t mind if I do’, replied Otis pausing from his musical méandre, ‘Get that kettle on. Mine’s a Julie Andrews’. 

PierrotPrête-moi ta plume, pour écrire un mot
‘Now what was that tune you were whistling my good fellow?’, enquired the Good Doctor as he dunked his finest Sainsbury’s shortcake biscuit. ‘It’s Au Clair de la Lune and you’ll find it on page 27′, replied Otis, a spring of melting snow puddling around his boots.

The Good Doctor flipped open the manual, took one glance and cried out, ‘Génie!’. ‘Have you run out of biscuits?’, Otis asked, looking slightly puzzled. He was confusing the Good Doctor’s gallic outburst with Jenny, the Saturday girl at the supermarket. ‘No my dear fellow’, replied the Doctor, grinning broadly, ‘You’ve just found the solution to 12th position’. Otis was none the wiser.

Little LadyMa chandelle est morte, je n’ai plus de feu
Twelfth position has become popular in recent years as ‘the alternative first position’ or ‘flattened first’ on the 10 hole diatonic. It enables us, for example, to play in F major on a C harmonica, using 5D as our root note (or the full bend in hole 2). And for this reason, at least in theory, it offers an accessible alternative position for diatonic playing, just like 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th.

Of course, we could play the refrain to Au Clair De Le Lune in first position on a 10 hole harp from 4B, as long as we were proficient in draw bends in hole 3. In which case the tab would be as follows (you can play along to the sound clip on a C harp):

4B   4B   4B   4D   5B   4D       4B   5B   4D   4D   4B
4B   4B   4B   4D   5B   4D       4B   5B   4D   4D   4B
4D   4D  4D   4D   3D” 3D”     4D   4B   3D   3D”  3B
4B   4B   4B   4D   5B   4D       4B   5B   4D   4D   4B 

Listen to

Hohner SpeedyOuvre-moi ta porte, pour l’amour de Dieu
But as much as the Good Doctor enjoys a bit of theory, you will know by now that he also likes practical examples. And just as Scarborough Fair is a great blueprint for 3rd position, and When Johnny Comes Marching Home does the same for 4th position, the obvious contender for demonstrating 12th position had remained spectacularly elusive. Now here it was staring him in the visage – Au Clair de la Lune.

Now, imagine you were playing a four hole harmonica (holes 4 to 7 on a 10 hole diatonic). You might ask, ‘why would I want to do that – the Hohner Little Lady is just a toy, isn’t it?’. Well, when the Doctor teaches harmonica to the children of the village, they start on just four holes, using Hohner Speedy harmonicas ; there are an almost infinite number of melodies that can be enjoyed using four blow and four draw notes.

Speedy black 2The problem with playing Au Clair de la Lune on a 4 hole harp is, the lower A (generated by 3D” on a 10 hole harp) is not an option. Instead we have to jump up an octave to find our A and things start to sound disjointed: 1D  1D  1D  1D   3D  3D  (4 holes) / 4D  4D  4D  4D  6D  6D (10 holes)

An epiphany occurs when, using a 4 hole harmonica and a modicum of trial and error, it becomes apparent that the melody can be reproduced from 2D (that’s 5D on a 10 hole harp) without bends or octave leaps. By narrowing the field of fire on a 4 hole harp, things actually become clearer. Welcome to 12th position and the Lydian mode. Our 10 hole tab is now shown below (for four hole tab deduct 3 from each hole number). You can play along, still using your C harp of course:

5D   5D   5D   6B   6D   6B       5D   6D   6B   6B   5D
5D   5D   5D   6B   6D   6B       5D   6D   6B   6B   5D
6B   6B    6B   6B   4D  4D        6B   5D   5B   4D   4B
5D   5D   5D   6B   6D   6B       5D   6D   6B   6B   5D

Listen to

The divine number 12 – portal to overblowing
12th position gives us an alternative major position, perhaps more jazzy than bluesy, but useful nonetheless. And like third position, the six draw bend can give us a bucket load of extra expression. Think Isn’t She Lovely by Stevie Wonder. Please note however, there are two holes to avoid when playing in 12th positon, namely 3D and 7D. Using a C harp as our example, this is because the note of B is not a part of the F major scale. We can bend the 3D to 3D’ to achieve a Bb, the major seventh in the F scale, but 7D doesn’t offer a bending option. So what else can we do with 12th position?

Yellow SpeedyAt this point it is worth spending some time with the late, great, Chris Michalek, who recorded two great videos about 12th position for YouTube: Part 1 and Part 2. He uses the tune to Happy Birthday as an example of how 12th position can do the job better than 2nd position, because it avoids the nasty bends in 3D that can sound so unconvincing.

We do need to use the overblow in 6B# instead, which carries us into a whole new universe of technique, but it also gives us a real reason to find that missing note. In a way, because we have a clear target, the technique follows. It’s actually easier to anticipate the missing note and then find it. The tab is:

4B   4B   4D   4B   5D   5B                4B  4B   4D   4B    6B   5D
4B   4B   7B   6D   5D   5B   4D       6B#   6B#   6D    5D   6B   5D

Another way to crack this, is to play the Lydian scale;  5D  6B  6D  7D  7B  8D  8B  9D  The transition from 6D to 7D sounds odd, or distinctly un-major because it is a modal pattern. We instinctively want to hear that Bb tone, rather than a B. The missing Bb can be found by overblowing 6B#; in turn this also gives us the luxury of transferring our blow into 7B for the C and vice versa.  Again, having a clear target makes the overblow for the Bb all the more necessary and all the more achievable. If you want to investigate overbending further, check out

Hohner Little LAdyRocking around the clock
Our thanks to Pat Missin for taking the time and effort to bring us a tune a day for the 4 hole harmonica. His book is available on line through Amazon. Some other useful 12th position tunes Pat has identified include:

•  Amazing Grace
•  Old MacDonald
•  There’s A Hole In My Bucket
•  The Wheels On The Bus
•  You’re In The Army Now
•  Skye Boat Song

Otis the Postman is still a bit mystified by it all, so he’s gone to feed the ducks. We can hear him whistling the Skye Boat Song in Lydian Mode from the Surgery’s teatable, bless him.








2 thoughts on “Au Clair De La Douzième Position (Shedding Light On 12th Position)

  • October 30, 2013 at 9:57 pm

    Mange tout mon ami, mange tout

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.